Electrotherapy uses electrical signals to interfere with the transmission of neural pain signals into the brain. It effectively slows down or distracts the message from the nerve to the brain.

From a physiotherapy point of view, affecting one’s ‘Pain Gate’, whether in an acute or chronic pain episode, is a crucial area of treatment and electrotherapy is a very useful resource where conventional medicines are not as affective.

Electrotherapy can also involve the use of this electric current to speed tissue healing where tissue damage has also occurred. It can also increase sensations and muscle strength.

Electrotherapy typically involves the use of a battery-powered device that supplies a current to small electrodes (which attach to your area of pain). This in turn sends electrical pulses to the area where experiencing symptoms. There are numerous kinds of electrotherapy devices available, but the most popular ones are transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) units.

Updated: Oct 23

Foam rolling is a simple self-manual therapy technique often used to improve flexibility, recovery, and athletic performance. Though much more research is needed to clarify the effects of foam rolling, recent investigations have indicated that it is an effective method for improving flexibility, subjective markers of recovery (i.e. DOMS), and athletic performance. Furthermore, as no optimal sets/reps/duration have yet to be identified, it may be suggested that following recommendations provide the current best guidelines based on the available research.

3-5 sets of 20-30 second repetitions. 3-5 times per week performed on a consistent basis to achieve and retain the chronic effects on flexibility.

Swelling is always a sign that something is wrong. It is your bodies way of communicating an injury or problem and should not be ignored. whether the swelling comes instantly or after a while, your joint should be seen by a physio.

The most common joint that swelling occurs at after injury is the knee.

A knee that swells within a few hours after an injury is the most common type of swollen knee.

These cases often involve non-contact injuries caused by things like stopping suddenly, changing direction very quickly, twisting, turning or slipping.

High-energy injuries caused by, for example, falling off a motorbike are often very major injuries to the ligaments or fractures and you should seek immediate medical attention. In the case of elderly patients with thin bones (osteoporosis), simply tripping over can cause fractures.

The vast majority of patients who present with a knee that has swollen very rapidly have injured a ligament.

The most common such injuries are to the Anterior Cruciate Ligament or ACL (to the front of the knee), the Medial Collateral Ligament or MCL (inner knee) and, more rarely, the patella (kneecap).

Classically, a torn (ruptured) ACL is a non-contact injury that may be accompanied by a snap, pop or tearing sensation and may feel unstable.

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